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Cloth Diaper Fabric and Related Terms

Birdseye FabricBirdseye Fabric - A gauzy material. Can be used for the inner material of all diaper sorts and for making prefolds.

Hemp - Hemp is a course fiber made from the inner bark of the hemp plant. It is becoming increasingly popular for use in diapers because of its durability, absorbency and natural anti-microbial properties.

Hemp French TerryHemp French Terry - Made with absorbent hemp which has the feel of soft terry cloth.

Bamboo - A new fabric for the diapering world. It is made from Bamboo trees and is known for is velvety softness and environmental friendliness.

Cotton fleeceCotton fleece - This fabric is super soft and comparable to polyester variety, but is made from 100% cotton. Hemp fleece is another popular variety.

Flannel - A soft, loosely woven twill weave with a slightly napped surface. Fibers tend to be cotton or wool.

Merino - A type of wool that originates from pure-bread Merino sheep.

Polyester - A manufactured fiber known for crease resistance, quick drying, shape retention in garments, high strength, abrasion resistance and minimum care. Polyester is a fiber easily blended with other fibers. In diapers, polyester can be blended with another material (like cotton) to add more durability.

PUL - Polyurethane Laminate – PUL is fabric with a waterproof laminate applied to the back. This makes for an extremely thin, soft fabric that is waterproof and easy to care for.

Terry Cloth - A typical uncut pile weave fabric. This fabric is formed by using two sets of warp yarns. One set of warp is under very little tension, and when the filling yarns are packed into place, these loose yarns are pushed backward along with the filling yarns, forming loops. Typical uses include towels and robes.

Stretch Knit TerryStretch Knit Terry - A stretchy terry material that is often used for the inner layer of diapers - very absorbent and soft.

Wool - Probably the oldest of the natural fibers. Most often comes from a variety of sheep, but can also include camel, angora, alpaca, and vicuna. It is spun into a very large variety of weights and fabrics. Its water repelling properties and breathability are what make it popular for use as a diaper cover. It is often lanolized to increase its water repellent properties.

SherpaSherpa - A heavier weight Stretch Knit Terry with one side brushed to be very soft and fleece like.

Suedecloth - Has the appearance of regular suede but is much easier to care for. It does not easily stain and washes beautifully. Suedecloth is commonly used for the interior of diapers due to its ease of care and wickability.

Microfleece - A lightweight, double-sided micro-fiber fleece noted for its outstanding low pill velour face, stretch, and chamois-like softness. It is commonly used for the interior portion of diapers because of its softness.

Velour - A medium-weight, closely-woven fabric with a thick pile. It can be made using either a plain weave or a satin weave construction. It resembles velvet, but has a lower cut pile.

Burley Knit TerryBurley Knit Terry - A long looped terry cloth that is extremely popular for use in soaker pads and doublers.

WindproWindpro - A polar fleece designed to repel wind and water yet retain breathability. It is commonly used to create All-in-One diapers or diaper covers because of its waterproof capabilities. 200 wt. and 300wt. fleece are also used for these purposes.